1921
Volume 97, Issue 2
  • ISSN: 0002-9637
  • E-ISSN: 1476-1645

Abstract

Abstract.

White-tailed deer () are an abundant mammal with a wide geographic distribution in the United States, which make them good sentinels for monitoring arboviral activity across the country. Exposure to various arboviruses has been detected in white-tailed deer, typically in conjunction with another diagnostic finding. To better assess the exposure of white-tailed deer to seven arboviruses, we tested 1,508 sera collected from 2010 to 2016 for antibodies to eastern equine encephalitis (2.5%), Powassan (4.2%), St. Louis encephalitis, (3.7%), West Nile (6.0%), Maguari (19.4%), La Crosse (30.3%), and bluetongue (7.8%) viruses. At least one arbovirus was detected in 51.3%, and exposure to more than one arbovirus was identified in 17.6% of the white-tailed deer sampled.

[open-access] This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0180
2017-08-02
2017-10-18
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/14761645/97/2/tpmd170180.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0180&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Farajollahi A, Gates R, Crans W, Komar N, , 2004. Serologic evidence of West Nile virus and St. Louis encephalitis virus infections in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) from New Jersey, 2001. Vector-Borne Zoonotic Dis 4: 379383.[Crossref]
  2. Hardy JL, , 1994. Arboviral zoonoses of North America. Beran GW, ed. Handbook of Zoonoses Section B: Viral. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press LLC, 185–200.
  3. Nofchissey RA, , et al., 2013. Seroprevalence of Powassan virus in New England deer, 1979–2010. Am J Trop Med Hyg 88: 11591162.[Crossref]
  4. Scott TW, Weaver SC, , 1989. Eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus: epidemiology and evolution of mosquito transmission. Adv Virus Res 37: 277328.[Crossref]
  5. Tate CM, Howerth EW, Stallknecht DE, Allison AB, Fischer JR, Mead DG, , 2005. Eastern equine encephalitis in a free-ranging white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). J Wildl Dis 41: 241245.[Crossref]
  6. Schmitt SM, Cooley TM, Fitzgerald SD, Bolin SR, Lim A, Schaefer SM, Kiupel M, Maes RK, Hogle SA, O’Brien DJ, , 2007. An outbreak of eastern equine encephalitis virus in free-ranging white-tailed deer in Michigan. J Wildl Dis 43: 635644.[Crossref]
  7. Stallknecht D, Howerth E, , 2004. Epidemiology of bluetongue and epizootic haemorrhagic disease in wildlife: surveillance methods. Vet Ital 40: 203207.
  8. Eldridge BF, Scott TW, Day JF, Tabachnick WJ, , 2004. Arbovirus diseases. Eldridge BF, Edman JD, eds. Medical Entomology: A Textbook on Public Health and Veterinary Problems Caused by Arthropods, revised edition. New York, NY: Springer Science and Business Media, B.V., 415–460.
  9. Ruder MG, Lysyk TJ, Stallknecht DE, Foil LD, Johnson DJ, Chase CC, Dargatz DA, Gibbs EPJ, , 2015. Transmission and epidemiology of bluetongue and epizootic hemorrhagic disease in North America: current perspectives, research gaps, and future directions. Vector-Borne Zoonot 15: 348363.[Crossref]
  10. Johnson DJ, Ostlund EN, Stallknecht DE, Goekjian VH, Jenkins-Moore M, Harris SC, , 2006. First report of bluetongue virus serotype 1 isolated from a white-tailed deer in the United States. J Vet Diagn Invest 18: 398401.[Crossref]
  11. Nagayama J, Komar N, Levine J, Biggerstaff B, Apperson C, , 2001. Bunyavirus infections in North Carolina white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). Vector-Borne Zoonot 1: 169171.[Crossref]
  12. Calisher CH, Francy DB, Smith GC, Muth DJ, Lazuick JS, Karabatsos N, Jakob W, McLean RG, , 1986. Distribution of Bunyamwera serogroup viruses in North America, 1956–1984. Am J Trop Med Hyg 35: 429443.[Crossref]
  13. Swanepoel R, , 2000. Bunyaviridae. Zuckerman AJ, Banatvala JE, Pattison JR, eds. Principles and Practice of Clinical Virology. New York, NY: John Wiley and Sons Ltd., 515–549.
  14. Monath T, Sabattini M, Pauli R, Daffner J, Mitchell C, Bowen G, Cropp C, , 1985. Arbovirus investigations in Argentina, 1977–1980. IV. Serologic surveys and sentinel equine program. Am J Trop Med Hyg 34: 966975.[Crossref]
  15. DeNicola AJ, VerCauteren KC, Curtis PD, Hyngstrom SE, , 2000. Managing White-Tailed Deer in Suburban Environments. A Technical Guide. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Cooperative Extension, the Wildlife Society’s Wildlife Damage Management Working Group, and the Northeast Wildlife Damage Research and Outreach Cooperative, 52.
  16. Apperson CS, ., 2004. Host feeding patterns of established and potential mosquito vectors of West Nile virus in the eastern United States. Vector-Borne Zoonot 4: 7182.[Crossref]
  17. Nelson ME, Mech LD, Frame PF, , 2004. Tracking of white-tailed deer migration by global positioning system. J Mammal 85: 505510.[Crossref]
  18. Sabine DL, Morrison SF, Whitlaw HA, Ballard WB, Forbes GJ, Bowman J, , 2002. Migration behavior of white-tailed deer under varying winter climate regimes in New Brunswick. J Wildl Manage 66: 718728.[Crossref]
  19. Emmons RW, , 1968. Serologic survey of a deer herd in California for arbovirus infections. Wildl Dis 4: 7880.
  20. Beaty BJ, Calisher CH, Shope RE, , 1995. Arboviruses. Lennette EH, Lenette DA, Lennette ET, eds. Diagnostic Procedures for Viral, Rickettsial, and Chlamydial Infections. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association, 189–212.
  21. Neitzel DF, Grimstad PR, , 1991. Serological evidence of California group and Cache Valley virus infection in Minnesota white-tailed deer. J Wildl Dis 27: 230237.[Crossref]
  22. García I, Napp S, Casal J, Perea A, Allepuz A, Alba A, Carbonero A, Arenas A, , 2009. Bluetongue epidemiology in wild ruminants from southern Spain. Eur J Wildl Res 55: 173178.[Crossref]
  23. Calisher CH, , 1994. Medically important arboviruses of the United States and Canada. Clin Microbiol Rev 7: 89116.[Crossref]
  24. Klein SL, , 2003. Parasite manipulation of the proximate mechanisms that mediate social behavior in vertebrates. Physiol Behav 79: 441449.[Crossref]
  25. Plowright RK, Field HE, Smith C, Divljan A, Palmer C, Tabor G, Daszak P, Foley JE, , 2008. Reproduction and nutritional stress are risk factors for Hendra virus infection in little red flying foxes (Pteropus scapulatus). Proc R Soc Lond B: [Biol] 275: 861–869.
  26. Molaei G, Andreadis TG, , 2006. Identification of avian- and mammalian-derived bloodmeals in Aedes vexans and Culiseta melanura (Diptera: Culicidae) and its implication for West Nile virus transmission in Connecticut, U.S.A. J Med Entomol 43: 10881093.[Crossref]
  27. Whitney E, Roz AP, Rayner GA, Deibel R, , 1969. Serologic survey for arbovirus activity in deer sera from nine counties in New York State. Wildl Dis 5: 392397.
  28. Calisher CH, Lazuick JS, Lieb S, Monath TP, Castro KG, , 1988. Human infections with Tensaw virus in south Florida: evidence that Tensaw virus subtypes stimulate the production of antibodies reactive with closely related Bunyamwera serogroup viruses. Am J Trop Med Hyg 39: 117122.[Crossref]
  29. Iversson LB, Silva RA, Rosa A, Barros VLR, , 1993. Circulation of eastern equine encephalitis, western equine encephalitis, Ilheus, Maguari and Tacaiuma viruses in equines of the Brazilian Pantanal, South America. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo 35: 355359.[Crossref]
  30. Santaella J, McLean R, Hall JS, Gill JS, Bowen RA, Hadow HH, Clark L, , 2005. West Nile virus serosurveillance in Iowa white-tailed deer (1999–2003). Am J Trop Med Hyg 73: 10381042.
  31. Tsai TF, , 1994. The RNA arboviral zoonoses. Beran GW, ed. Handbook of Zoonoses Section B: Viral. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press LLC, 4–5.
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0180
Loading
/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.17-0180
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Received : 08 Mar 2017
  • Accepted : 11 Apr 2017

Most Cited This Month

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error